Management of student behavior using closed circuit television monitoring
Steve Mathew Balen, Saint Louis University, United States
Saint Louis University . Awarded
This paper explored the use and benefit of closed circuit video monitoring in an unstructured school cafeteria setting. Two middle schools were selected as the experimental and control setting. Five target behaviors, which commonly occur in a cafeteria setting, were identified. Data was collected over a seventy-five day period by non-certified cafeteria aids in both middle school settings. Six cameras were installed in one setting along with a sophisticated recording device that was capable of recording from all cameras simultaneously.
It was hypothesized that the cameras and closed circuit monitoring of behavior would have the effect of lessening the amount of the target behavior in the experimental setting. The data indicated that the C.C.T.M. did not reduce the overall target behaviors in the experimental setting. While not significantly effecting more serious behavior such as fighting and serious disrespect to adult supervisors, the cameras appeared to reduce the instance of less serious behavior such as pushing, failure to return trays, and excess students at individual tables. It could be surmised that more serious and overt behavior is displayed without regard to video monitoring. Less serious behavior was significantly reduced in the experimental setting.
A second area of study hypothesized that the closed circuit television monitoring would reduce the amount of time that the principal expended in disciplining students who misbehave in the cafeteria. Logs were maintained in the control and experimental setting, which kept track of the number of face-to-face discipline actions between students and principals in the experimental setting. Data collected over a seventy-five day period provided evidence that principals spent 70% less time disciplining students for non-serious behavior and 37% less time for serious and non-serious behavior combined. This time reduction resulted because the C.C.T.M. appeared to reduce the number of behavior problems referred to the principal in the monitored setting rather then reducing the amount of misbehavior.
Balen, S.M. Management of student behavior using closed circuit television monitoring. Ph.D. thesis, Saint Louis University. Retrieved February 19, 2019 from https://www.learntechlib.org/p/124777/.
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