Perceptions of the use of videoconferencing for supervision: Differences among graduate students
Carol C. Dudding, University of Virginia, United States
University of Virginia . Awarded
The purpose of this study was to examine the perspectives of graduate students towards the use of videoconferencing as a method of supervision. Graduate students in speech language pathology were supervised employing a combination of Internet-based videoconferencing technologies and traditional on-site supervision. Differences in perspectives towards the supervisory process were examined for each condition. The study examined the influence of prior clinical experience and expectations towards the supervisory process. It also examined the impact that technical problems had on the perception of the overall clinical training experience. The results were analyzed employing both qualitative and quantitative methods.
The results of this study failed to identify significant differences in the perception of the supervisory process between the conditions of onsite supervision and supervision employing teleconferencing. There was no significant evidence that prior clinical experience or expectations of the supervisory process had an influence on graduate students' perceptions. Technical problems did not have a significant influence on the perceptions of the overall supervisory process.
Certain commonalities of responses did emerge. Overall, participants reported that videoconferencing was an effective and efficient means of providing supervision to graduate clinicians. They expressed differences in the nature and frequency of the feedback provided by the supervisor. All participants indicated the importance of the supervisory relationship and a preference for onsite interaction with the supervisor. The majority of the participants recommended a mix of videoconferencing and onsite supervision, with a minimum of 25% face-to-face contact.
Given the qualitative and quantitative analysis, the existing literature and the experience of the researcher, it is the conclusion of this study that videoconferencing was a valid method of delivery and did not have a significant impact on the overall supervisory process. In this study, it appeared that the strength of the supervisory relationship was able to overcome any limitations in the method of delivery. If the supervisory relationship was perceived as strong, graduate clinicians appeared willing to accept technical difficulties and still report a positive supervisory experience.
Dudding, C.C. Perceptions of the use of videoconferencing for supervision: Differences among graduate students. Ph.D. thesis, University of Virginia.
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