The effects of advisement and informal cooperative groups on learning from a multimedia database
Jonathan D. Brinkerhoff, Arizona State University, United States
Arizona State University . Awarded
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of advisement and informal cooperative groups on learning from a multimedia database. One hundred fifty-nine college students enrolled in 16 lab sessions of a computer literacy course participated in this study. The 16 intact labs were randomly assigned to four treatment groups: Individual-Advisement, Individual-No Advisement, Informal Cooperative Dyad-Advisement, and Informal Cooperative Dyad-No Advisement. Students in all treatment groups were asked to compare two events which occurred during the Civil Rights Movement through investigation of resources contained in a large, multimedia database. Students receiving advisement were provided with suggestions concerning which of the available database resources were most relevant to the task and advice concerning how those resources might be evaluated or interpreted. Results revealed that students receiving advisement learned significantly more and indicated more positive attitudes toward the task than students receiving no advisement. Results also revealed that students receiving advisement spent significantly more time investigating the database and accessed more relevant database resources than students who did not receive advisement. Implications for instructional design are discussed.
Brinkerhoff, J.D. The effects of advisement and informal cooperative groups on learning from a multimedia database. Ph.D. thesis, Arizona State University.
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