Effect of faculty background, organizational environment, instructional style, and attitudinal factors on female faculty commitment to use computer-based technologies for instruction in higher education
Carol Kathleen Barker, Wayne State University, United States
Wayne State University . Awarded
Higher education is facing numerous challenges as it enter the 21st century one of which is the rapid expansion of computer usage throughout all areas of education. Understanding factors that will explain computer use among faculty will be critical if utilization of technology for instruction is to be enhanced.
This study investigated computer use among female faculty in higher education in the state of Michigan. A conceptual model that combined profile characteristics (age, years teaching, and computer experience) computer ability (knowledge and perceived control), organizational environment (computer access, technical support, and software availability), instructional style, and attitudes (cognitive, affective, and behavior) was tested to determine the causal relationship between these defined variables.
Respondents included faculty with academic rank employed full-time in public and private colleges and universities. Data were analyzed using correlation, multiple regression and path analysis.
Two models of computer use for faculty in higher education emerged. Both models supported the fact that ability to use computers and related software was a strong predictor of future computer use. The findings also supported the multidimensionality of attitudes and the contribution of each component, cognitive and affective, to the future use of computers.
This research suggests that theories and models of computer utilization among various user groups are still evolving. Other factors related to media use will need to be researched to further the development of the utilization domain.
Barker, C.K. Effect of faculty background, organizational environment, instructional style, and attitudinal factors on female faculty commitment to use computer-based technologies for instruction in higher education. Ph.D. thesis, Wayne State University.
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