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Developments and Trends in Synthesizing Diverse Forms of Evidence: Beyond Comparisons between Distance Education and Classroom Instruction
ARTICLE

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Distance Education Volume 31, Number 3, ISSN 0158-7919

Abstract

This paper describes a range of models and methods for synthesizing diverse forms of research evidence. Although this topic is applicable to many contexts (e.g. education, health care), the focus here is on the research traditions of distance education and online learning. Thirteen models and methods are described, and seven examples from distance education and online learning are used to illustrate them. The models are classified as systematic, purposeful, and mixed and are described and compared in terms of purpose, methodological aspects, and expected outcomes. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)

Citation

Bethel, E.C. & Bernard, R.M. (2010). Developments and Trends in Synthesizing Diverse Forms of Evidence: Beyond Comparisons between Distance Education and Classroom Instruction. Distance Education, 31(3), 231-256. Retrieved April 24, 2019 from .

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Cited By

  1. An Extended Systematic Review of Canadian Policy Documents on e-Learning: What We’re Doing and Not Doing

    Eugene Borokhovski, Robert Bernard, Erin Mills, Philip Abrami, C Wade, Rana Tamim, Edward Bethel, Gretchen Lowerison, David Pickup & Michael Surkes

    Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology / La revue canadienne de l’apprentissage et de la technologie Vol. 37, No. 3 (Nov 17, 2011)

  2. Things I Have Learned about Meta-Analysis Since 1990: Reducing Bias in Search of “The Big Picture” / Ce que j’ai appris sur la méta-analyse depuis 1990 : réduire les partis pris en quête d’une vue d’ensemble

    Robert Bernard, Centre for the Study of Learning and Performance Department of Education Concordia University

    Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology / La revue canadienne de l’apprentissage et de la technologie Vol. 40, No. 3 (Dec 14, 2014)

  3. An Extended Systematic Review of Canadian Policy Documents on e-Learning: What We’re Doing and Not Doing

    Eugene Borokhovski & Robert Bernard, Concordia University; Erin Mills, Canadian Council on Learning; Philip Abrami & C Wade, Concordia University; Rana Tamim, Hamdan Bin Mohammad e-University; Edward Bethel, Concordia University; Gretchen Lowerison, Coreidea Innovation Inc.; David Pickup, Michael Surkes & Michael Surkes, Concordia University

    Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology / La revue canadienne de l’apprentissage et de la technologie Vol. 37, No. 3 (Nov 17, 2011)

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