Learning and Instruction Volume 21, Number 1, ISSN 0959-4752 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
To investigate the effects of example format (erroneous examples vs. correct examples) and feedback format (elaborated feedback vs. knowledge of results feedback) on medical students' diagnostic competence in the context of a web-based learning environment containing case-based worked examples, two studies with a 2×2 design were conducted in the laboratory. In the first study (domain: arterial hypertension; N=153) erroneous examples were effective in combination with elaborated feedback with respect to strategic and conditional knowledge. In the second study (domain: hyperthyroidism, N=124), elaborated feedback supported all aspects of diagnostic competence, especially conditional knowledge.
Stark, R., Kopp, V. & Fischer, M.R. (2011). Case-based learning with worked examples in complex domains: Two experimental studies in undergraduate medical education. Learning and Instruction, 21(1), 22-33. Elsevier Ltd.