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Changing Instructor's Roles in Virtual Worlds

Quarterly Review of Distance Education Volume 9, Number 4, ISSN 1528-3518


Berge's Instructor's Roles Model categorized the instructor's roles as pedagogical, social, managerial, and technical. Developed more than a decade ago, this model described changing roles for instructors as they transitioned from in-person classrooms to teaching online. Today, as virtual worlds emerge and are being used as educational platforms, these same roles are valid, but again the emphases for teaching in virtual worlds are different than those in online or in-person classrooms. (Contains 1 figure.)


Berge, Z.L. (2008). Changing Instructor's Roles in Virtual Worlds. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 9(4), 407-414. Retrieved October 22, 2019 from .

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