School Climate: Sense of Classroom and School Communities in Online and On-Campus Higher Education Courses
Quarterly Review of Distance Education Volume 6, Number 4, ISSN 1528-3518
Multivariate statistical analyses were used to determine if there were differences in sense of community and perceived learning between university students enrolled in fully online and fully face-to-face on-campus courses (N = 279). Study results provide evidence that online students feel a weaker sense of connectedness and belonging in both classroom and school-wide communities than on-campus students who attend face-to-face classes. Moreover, results provide evidence that nontraditional students tend to form stronger social bonds and feel more connected with each other in a university setting than do the younger, more traditional students. However, no differences in perceived learning were found between online and on-campus groups. (Contains 3 tables.)
Rovai, A.P., Wighting, M.J. & Liu, J. (2005). School Climate: Sense of Classroom and School Communities in Online and On-Campus Higher Education Courses. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 6(4), 361-374.
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Academics Telecommuting in Open and Distance Education Universities: Issues, challenges and opportunities
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The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning Vol. 7, No. 2 (Sep 18, 2006)
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