Learning “Dinosaurs” with a multimedia presentation in the classroom environment – An eye-movement analysis
Fang-Ying Yang, Wan-Ru Jien, Chun-Yen Chang, National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan
EdMedia + Innovate Learning, in Denver, Colorado, USA ISBN 978-1-880094-95-2 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC
The purpose of the study was to investigate university learners' visual attention during a PowerPoint (PPT) presentation on the topic of "Dinosaur." The PPT presentation was consisted of 12 slides with various text and graphic combinations. An instructor gave the presentation to 20 students, one at a time, and the eye movements of each student were recorded by the eye tracking system. Half of the participants were earth-science (ES) major students while the other half were non-earth-science majors (NES). Several eye movement indicators, such as total time spent at interest zone, fixation count, total fixation duration, percent time spent in zone, etc., were abstracted to indicate the eye movement patterns. One-way ANOVA as well as T-test analysis were applied to analyze the associations among different variables In so far the result shows that different multimedia displays were associated with different eye movement patterns. Students seemed to view more on text areas. Students with high background knowledge displayed higher visual attention than those with less background knowledge.
Yang, F.Y., Jien, W.R. & Chang, C.Y. (2012). Learning “Dinosaurs” with a multimedia presentation in the classroom environment – An eye-movement analysis. In T. Amiel & B. Wilson (Eds.), Proceedings of EdMedia 2012--World Conference on Educational Media and Technology (pp. 2352-2356). Denver, Colorado, USA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE).
© 2012 Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE)