You are here:

Search-and-Retrieval Tools in E-learning Applications: An Empirical Comparison of Search Engines and Topic Maps in an Educational Context
PROCEEDINGS

, , , , , Concordia University, Canada

E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education, in Washington, DC, USA ISBN 978-1-880094-54-9 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), San Diego, CA

Abstract

This paper reports on an investigation focusing on improving the reliability and efficiency in current database-oriented search-and-retrieval mechanisms in e-learning applications through the use of topic map technology (ISO/IEC 13250). The development of our topic maps is grounded in a theory of cognitive information-processing and information retrieval. We outline the development, implementation and evaluation of a topic map designed to help graduate students search for online resources in preparation for an essay assignment. Sources of data include (a) hard data drawn from observations, tracking of search-related steps, ; and (b) soft data concerning judgments of utility of information and users' understandings of the search process. The results indicate that, in comparison to search engines, topic maps enable students to provide more precise answers and higher recall than the search engine employed in our study.

Citation

Shaw, S., Venkatesh, V., Lowerison, G., Dicks, D. & Zhang, D. (2004). Search-and-Retrieval Tools in E-learning Applications: An Empirical Comparison of Search Engines and Topic Maps in an Educational Context. In J. Nall & R. Robson (Eds.), Proceedings of E-Learn 2004--World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education (pp. 435-442). Washington, DC, USA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved March 20, 2019 from .

Keywords

View References & Citations Map

References

  1. Atkinson, R.C., & Shiffrin, R.M. (1968). Human memory: A proposed system and its control processes. In K.W. Spence and J.T. Spence (Eds.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation: Advances in Research and Theory (Vol. 2, pp. 90- 197). New York, NY: Academic Press.
  2. Baeza -Yates, R. (2003). Information retrieval in the web: Beyond current search engines. International Journal of Approximate Reasoning, 34 (2- 3), 97-104.
  3. Bandholtz. T (2002). A taxi in knowledge land. Paper presented at XML Europe 2002 Conference: Barcelona, Spain. Website available: [ http://www.idealliance.org/papers/xmle02/dx_xmle02/papers/03- 05- 03/03- 05 -03.html]. Accessed December 17, 2003.
  4. Beier, J. & Tesche, T. (2000). Navigation and interaction in medical knowledge spaces using topic maps. International Congress Series, 1230 , 384-388.
  5. Chau , M., Zeng, D., & Chen, H. (2001). Personalized spiders for web search and analysis. Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries: Roanoke, VA.
  6. Freese, E. (2002 ). So why aren’t topic maps ruling the world? Proceedings of Extreme Markup Languages 2002: Montreal, Canada.
  7. Freese, E. (2003 ). Taking topic maps to the Nth dimension. Proceedings of Extreme Markup Languages 2003: Montreal, Canada.
  8. Hunting, S. (2002). Topic maps/pattern languages: An approach to supporting community-based interisland conversations. Web site available:
  9. Nagao , K. , Shirai, Y., & Squire, K. (2002) . Semantic annotation and transcoding: Making web content more accessible. IEEE Multimedia, 8 (2), 69 - 81.
  10. Nishikawa , M . (2002). Organizing information in a corporate intranet: A use case for published and internal -use subjects in topic maps. Proceedings of Extreme Markup Languages 2002: Montreal, Quebec.
  11. Ogievetsky , N. & Badger, T. (2003). Topic map solutions for Kodak digital camera accessories. Proceedings of the XML Europe 2003 Conference. Web site available
  12. Passin , T. (2003). Browser bookmark management with topic maps. Proceedings of Extreme Markup Languages 2003: Montreal, Canada.
  13. Pennington, N., & Hastie, R. (1992). Explaining the evidence: Tests of the Story Model for juror decision making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 189 -206.
  14. Pennington, N., & Hastie, R. (1993). Reasoning in explanation-based decision making. Cognition , 49, 123163.
  15. Pepper, S. (2002). The TAO of topic maps. Web site available [ www.ontopia.net/topicmaps/materials/tao.html]. Accessed December 17, 2003.
  16. Rath, H. H. (2000). Topic maps: Templates, topology, and type hierarchies. Markup Languages: Theory & Practice, 2 (1), 45 - 64.
  17. Reitman, W. (1965). Cognition and thought. New York: John Wiley.
  18. Schweiger, R., Hoelzer, S., Rudolf, D., Rieger, J., & Dudeck, J. (2003) . Linking clinical data using XML topic maps. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine 28, 105 -115.
  19. Shaw, S., Venkatesh, V., Dicks, D., Lowerison, G., & Zhang, D. (2003). Topic maps: User friendly search engines for broadband applications. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Virtual Systems and Multimedia: Montreal, Canada.
  20. Torney-Purta, J. (1992). Cognitive representations of the political system in adolescents: The continuum from pre -novice to expert. In H. Haste & J. Torney-Purta (Eds.), The Development of Political Understanding: A New Perspective (pp. 11- 25). San Francisco: Josey-Bass .
  21. Voss, J. F. (1998). On the representation of problems: An information-processing approach to foreign policy decision making. In D. A. Sylvan & J. F. Voss, Problem Representation in Foreign Policy Decision Making (pp. 8-26). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  22. Voss, J. F., & Post, T. A. (1988). On the solving of ill-structured problems. In M. T. H. Chi, R. Glaser, & M. J. Farr (Eds.), The Nature of Expertise (pp. 261 - 285). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Voss, J. F., Wiley, J., Kennet, J., Schooler, T. E., & Silfies, L. N. (1998). Representations of the Gulf crisis as derived from the U. S. Senate debate. In D. A. Sylvan & J. F. Voss, Problem Representation in Foreign Policy Decision Making (pp. 279- 302). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Waugh, N. C., & Norman, D. A. (1965). Primary memory. Psychological Review, 72, 89 -104.

These references have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake in the references above, please contact info@learntechlib.org.

View References & Citations Map

Cited By

  1. Theoretical and Practical Implications of Using Topic Map Technologies in E-Learning Applications

    Vivek Venkatesh, Concordia University, Canada

    E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2007 (Oct 15, 2007) pp. 1311–1319

These links are based on references which have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake, please contact info@learntechlib.org.