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Learning and Instruction

February 2011 Volume 21, Number 1

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Table of Contents

Number of articles: 14

  1. Developing children's conceptual understanding of area measurement: A curriculum and teaching experiment

    Hsin-Mei E. Huang & Klaus G. Witz

    The present study examined the effectiveness of three instructional treatments which had different combinations of mathematical elements regarding 2-dimensional (2-D) geometry and area measurement ... More

    pp. 1-13

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  2. Test administrator's gender affects female and male students' self-estimated verbal general knowledge

    Tuulia M. Ortner & Isabella Vormittag

    Effects of test administrator's gender on test takers' self-estimated verbal general knowledge and de facto verbal general knowledge were investigated. Based on three theories previously applied in... More

    pp. 14-21

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  3. Case-based learning with worked examples in complex domains: Two experimental studies in undergraduate medical education

    Robin Stark, Veronika Kopp & Martin R. Fischer

    To investigate the effects of example format (erroneous examples vs. correct examples) and feedback format (elaborated feedback vs. knowledge of results feedback) on medical students' diagnostic... More

    pp. 22-33

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  4. Effects of explicit rules in learning to spell open- and closed-syllable words

    Maartje Hilte & Pieter Reitsma

    Second graders ( More

    pp. 34-45

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  5. Patterns of contingent teaching in teacher–student interaction

    Janneke van de Pol, Monique Volman & Jos Beishuizen

    The present study aimed at investigating the process of scaffolding in a naturalistic setting with focus on a key aspect of scaffolding, namely contingency. Three Social Studies teachers in... More

    pp. 46-57

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  6. Situational interest and academic achievement in the active-learning classroom

    Jerome I. Rotgans & Henk G. Schmidt

    The aim of the present study was to investigate how situational interest develops over time and how it is related to academic achievement in an active-learning classroom. Five measures of... More

    pp. 58-67

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  7. The structure of research methodology competency in higher education and the role of teaching teams and course temporal distance

    Karl Schweizer, Merle Steinwascher, Helfried Moosbrugger & Siegbert Reiss

    The development of research methodology competency is a major aim of the psychology curriculum at universities. Usually, three courses concentrating on basic statistics, advanced statistics and... More

    pp. 68-76

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  8. Academic delay of gratification and children's study time allocation as a function of proximity to consequential academic goals

    Lili Zhang, Stuart A. Karabenick, Shun'ichi Maruno & Fani Lauermann

    Students ( More

    pp. 77-94

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  9. Effects of class size and adaptive teaching competency on classroom processes and academic outcome

    Christian Brühwiler & Peter Blatchford

    In many studies of class size effects, teacher characteristics are missing, even though many argue it is not class size that is important but teacher quality. In the present study teachers'... More

    pp. 95-108

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  10. Solving graphics tasks: Gender differences in middle-school students

    Tom Lowrie & Carmel M. Diezmann

    The capacity to solve tasks that contain high concentrations of visual–spatial information, including graphs, maps and diagrams, is becoming increasingly important in educational contexts as well... More

    pp. 109-125

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  11. The effects of practice schedule on learning a complex judgment task

    Anne S. Helsdingen, Tamara van Gog & Jeroen J.G. van Merriënboer

    The effects of practice schedule on learning a complex judgment task were investigated. In Experiment 1, participants' judgment accuracy on a retention test was higher after a random... More

    pp. 126-136

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  12. Epistemic beliefs in action: Spontaneous reflections about knowledge and knowing during online information searching and their influence on learning

    Lucia Mason, Nicola Ariasi & Angela Boldrin

    In the present study it was investigated whether high school students are spontaneously able to reflect epistemologically during online searching for information about a controversial topic. In... More

    pp. 137-151

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  13. Achievement after failure: The role of achievement goals and negative self-related thoughts

    Claudia Dickhäuser, Susanne R. Buch & Oliver Dickhäuser

    Theory on achievement goals favours a trichotomous model encompassing learning goals, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance goals. Performance-avoidance goals are associated with lower... More

    pp. 152-162

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  14. Phonemic awareness in Dutch kindergartners: Effects of task, phoneme position, and phoneme class

    Saskia de Graaff, Fred Hasselman, Ludo Verhoeven & Anna M.T. Bosman

    The aim of the present study was to provide more insight in the relative difficulty of four tasks testing phonemic awareness: (a) blending, (b) isolation, (c) segmentation, and (d) deletion. At the... More

    pp. 163-173

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