Search results for author:"Shuqiang Zhang"
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Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association 1998 (April 1998)
Homogeneity of variance (HOV) is a major assumption underlying the validity of many parametric tests. More importantly, it serves as the null hypothesis in substantive studies that focus on cross- or within-group dispersion. Despite a widely...
Are Interaction Time and Psychological Interactivity the Same Thing in the Distance Learning Television Classroom?
Educational Technology Vol. 34, No. 6 (1994) pp. 58–64
Describes a study that examined the relationships between student perceptions of classroom interaction and the actual amount of time allocated for interaction in a distance education interactive television course for elementary school science...
American Journal of Distance Education Vol. 7, No. 3 (1993) pp. 8–21
Describes a study of elementary school teachers that examined learner perceptions of interaction--both personal and overall--and satisfaction in an inservice education course delivered by interactive television. Cognitive speed theory is explained;...
Selected Research and Development Presentations at the 1994 National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (1994)
A new video evaluation instrument is demonstrated. It is designed specifically for distance education, to be used for instructional design consultation, distance education teacher training, or research. Categories include students interacting with...
Understanding Interactivity in Online Learning Environments: The Role of Social Presence & Cognitive Absorption in Student Satisfaction
World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2005 (October 2005) pp. 2170–2178
Interaction has been identified as one of the major constructs in distance education research. However, a major obstacle facing researchers studying interaction and interactivity is that these terms have not been clearly or functionally defined to...
American Journal of Distance Education Vol. 12, No. 3 (1998) pp. 4–28
Two approaches to student-based evaluations were examined for their potential application to distance education: a quantitative measure of interaction, and a qualitative, formative evaluation approach--Small Group Instructional Diagnosis (SGID)--in...