Search results for author:"Robert M. Bernard"
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The Effects of Synchronous and Asynchronous Distance Education: A Meta-Analytical Assessment of Simonson's "Equivalency Theory"
Annual Meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology 2004 (October 2005)
Simonson, Schlosser and Hanson (1999) argue that a new theory called "equivalency theory" is needed to account for the unique features of the "teleconferencing" (synchronous) model of DE that is prevalent in many North American universities. Based...
How Does Distance Education Compare with Classroom Instruction? A Meta-Analysis of the Empirical Literature
Robert M. Bernard; Philip C. Abrami; Yiping Lou; Evgueni Borokhovsk; Anne Wade; Lori Wozney; Peter Andrew Wallet; Manon Fiset; Binru Huang
Review of Educational Research Vol. 74, No. 3 (2004) pp. 379–439
A meta-analysis of the comparative distance education (DE) literature between 1985 and 2002 was conducted. In total, 232 studies containing 688 independent achievement, attitude, and retention outcomes were analyzed. Overall results indicated effect ...