Search results for author:"Philip_Abrami"
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The Development and Formative Evaluation of Electronic Portfolio Software to Support Student Teachers’ Reflective Practice
Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2014 (Mar 17, 2014) pp. 1197–1205
This study explores using electronic portfolios to support student teachers’ development of competencies. Software was designed to support teachers and student teachers through the key parts of self-regulation including planning, doing, and...
Small-Group, Computer-Assisted Tutoring to Improve Reading Outcomes for Struggling First and Second Graders
Elementary School Journal Vol. 111, No. 4 (June 2011) pp. 625–640
This study evaluated the relative effects of Tier II computer-assisted tutoring in small groups (Team Alphie) and one-to-one tutoring provided to struggling readers in 33 high-poverty Success for All (SFA) schools. In this year-long study,...
Bette Chambers; Robert E. Slavin; Nancy A. Madden; Philip C. Abrami; Bradley J. Tucker; Alan Cheung; Richard Gifford
Elementary School Journal Vol. 109, No. 1 (September 2008) pp. 1–15
This article evaluates 2 technology applications for teaching beginning reading. One, embedded multimedia, involves brief phonics and vocabulary videos threaded through teachers' lessons. The other, computer-assisted tutoring, helps tutors with...
Journal of Educational Psychology Vol. 101, No. 3 (August 2009) pp. 590–604
This study reports a randomized controlled trial evaluation of a computer-based balanced literacy intervention, ABRACADABRA (http://grover.concordia.ca/abra/version1/abracadabra.html). Children (N = 144) in Grade 1 were exposed either to computer...
Using Electronic Portfolios to Foster Literacy and Self-Regulated Learning Skills in Elementary Students
Journal of Educational Psychology Vol. 105, No. 4 (November 2013) pp. 1188–1209
The research presented here is a continuation of a line of inquiry that explores the impacts of an electronic portfolio software called ePEARL, which is a knowledge tool designed to support the key phases of self-regulated learning (SRL)-...
Examining the Impact of ABRACADABRA on Early Literacy in Northern Australia: An Implementation Fidelity Analysis
Journal of Educational Research Vol. 107, No. 4 (2014) pp. 299–311
To address students' poor literacy outcomes, an intervention using a computer-based literacy tool, ABRACADABRA, was implemented in 6 Northern Australia primary schools. A pretest, posttest parallel group, single blind multisite randomized...
Review of Educational Research Vol. 71, No. 3 (2001) pp. 449–521
Synthesized the empirical research on the effects of social context (small group versus individual learning) when students learn using computer technology. Analyzed 486 independent findings from 122 studies involving 11,317 learners. On average,...
What Forty Years of Research Says about the Impact of Technology on Learning: A Second-Order Meta-Analysis and Validation Study
Review of Educational Research Vol. 81, No. 1 (March 2011) pp. 4–28
This research study employs a second-order meta-analysis procedure to summarize 40 years of research activity addressing the question, does computer technology use affect student achievement in formal face-to-face classrooms as compared to...
Robert M. Bernard; Philip C. Abrami; Eugene Borokhovski; C Anne Wade; Rana M. Tamim; Michael A. Surkes; Edward Clement Bethel
Review of Educational Research Vol. 79, No. 3 (2009) pp. 1243–1289
This meta-analysis of the experimental literature of distance education (DE) compares different types of interaction treatments (ITs) with other DE instructional treatments. ITs are the instructional and/or media conditions designed into DE courses, ...
How Does Distance Education Compare with Classroom Instruction? A Meta-Analysis of the Empirical Literature
Robert M. Bernard; Philip C. Abrami; Yiping Lou; Evgueni Borokhovsk; Anne Wade; Lori Wozney; Peter Andrew Wallet; Manon Fiset; Binru Huang
Review of Educational Research Vol. 74, No. 3 (2004) pp. 379–439
A meta-analysis of the comparative distance education (DE) literature between 1985 and 2002 was conducted. In total, 232 studies containing 688 independent achievement, attitude, and retention outcomes were analyzed. Overall results indicated effect ...
Journal of Educational Technology Systems Vol. 34, No. 4 (2006) pp. 401–425
This study investigated the role that computer technology plays in transforming the learning process in higher education. Specifically, we looked at the relationship between computer-technology use, active learning, and perceived course...
Journal of Research in Reading Vol. 35, No. 1 (February 2012) pp. 69–86
This paper reports the follow-up of a randomised control trial study of the ABRACADABRA web-based literacy intervention that contrasted synthetic versus analytic phonics (Comaskey, Savage & Abrami, 2009) in kindergarten children from urban low-SES...
A Randomised Efficacy Study of Web-Based Synthetic and Analytic Programmes among Disadvantaged Urban Kindergarten Children
Journal of Research in Reading Vol. 32, No. 1 (February 2009) pp. 92–108
This study explores whether two computer-based literacy interventions--a "synthetic phonics" and an "analytic phonics" approach produce qualitatively distinct effects on the early phonological abilities and reading skills of disadvantaged urban...
Distance Education Vol. 27, No. 1 (May 2006) pp. 5–26
This article extends the issues and arguments raised in Bernard, Abrami, Lou, and Borokhovski ("Distance Education", 25(2), 175-198, 2004) regarding the design of quantitative, particularly experimental research in distance education. A single...
Distance Education Vol. 25, No. 2 (Oct 01, 2004) pp. 175–198
This article is about the quantitative research practices and methodologies that are used in distance education (DE). It begins with an analysis and assessment of a segment of the DE research literature, DE/classroom comparison studies, based on a...
Distance Education Vol. 25, No. 1 (May 01, 2004) pp. 31–47
The study reported here concerns the development and predictive validation of an instrument to assess the achievement outcomes of DE/online learning success. A 38-item questionnaire was developed and administered to 167 students who were about to...
Are Contextual and Designed Student-Student Interaction Treatments Equally Effective in Distance Education?
Distance Education Vol. 33, No. 3 (2012) pp. 311–329
This systematic review draws from and builds upon the results of a meta-analysis of the achievement effects of three types of interaction treatments in distance education: student-student, student-teacher, and student-content (Bernard et al., ...
Journal of Interactive Learning Research Vol. 21, No. 2 (April 2010) pp. 187–213
Despite its potential, online dialogue (online dialogue) can be superficial. Following Vygotskian (1978) and design experiment approaches (Brown, 1992), this study explores a labelling feature that allows students to tag parts of their messages....
Journal of Interactive Learning Research Vol. 26, No. 4 (October 2015) pp. 337–367
This meta-analysis summarizes research on the effects of a comprehensive, interactive web-based software (AXXX) on the development of reading competencies among kindergarteners and elementary students. Findings from seven randomized control trials...
Computers & Education Vol. 47, No. 4 (December 2006) pp. 465–489
This study investigated the relationship between the amount of computer technology used in post-secondary education courses, students’ perceived effectiveness of technology use, and global course evaluations. Survey data were collected from 922...
Topics: Post Secondary Education
Computers & Education Vol. 55, No. 1 (August 2010) pp. 84–91
Can an electronic portfolio that is both a multimedia container for student work and a tool to support key learning processes have a positive impact on the literacy practices and self-regulated learning skills of students? This article presents the...
ABRACADABRA in the hands of teachers: The effectiveness of a web-based literacy intervention in grade 1 language arts programs
Computers & Education Vol. 55, No. 2 (September 2010) pp. 911–922
This study explored how teacher variations in use of a web-technology of known effectiveness, affected growth in literacy. Teachers used ABRACADACABRA (ABRA) (http://grover.concordia.ca/abra/version1/abracadabra.html), in Grade 1 Language Arts...
Research in Higher Education Vol. 41, No. 5 (2000) pp. 593–621
Examination of student (n=79) motivation to learn via computer conferencing (CC) found that students who believe CC will help them learn the course material (outcome expectations) and believe they are capable of learning how to use CC (self-efficacy)...
Motivation To Learn via Computer Conferencing: Exploring How Task-Specific Motivation and CC Expectations are Related to Student Acceptance of Learning via CC
Journal of Educational Computing Research Vol. 27, No. 3 (2002) pp. 249–64
Investigated the relationship between university student motivation and student acceptance of learning via computer conferencing (CC). Considered frequency of contributing online messages; satisfaction with CC; grades; effort; goal orientation;...
Assessing Computer Use and Perceived Course Effectiveness in Post-Secondary Education in an American/Canadian Context
Rana M. Tamim; Gretchen Lowerison; Richard F. Schmid; Robert M. Bernard; Philip C. Abrami; Christina Dehler
Journal of Educational Computing Research Vol. 39, No. 3 (2008) pp. 221–234
The purpose of this research is to investigate the relationship between computer technology's role and students' perceptions about course effectiveness. Students from two universities (one Canadian, n = 1465; one American, n = 831) completed a 71...
"Developing a Perspective", "Inter-Connecting", and "Bringing It Together": Who Chooses to Use a Labelling Feature in Online Conversations in a Graduate Course?
Educational Media International Vol. 46, No. 4 (December 2009) pp. 317–334
This study explores a labelling feature that allows students to tag parts of their online messages. Data comes from four sequentially offered sessions of a graduate education course. Students engaged in two to three online activities in groups of...
Iterative Design of a Labelling Feature: Supporting Online Learning through Structuring the User Interface
World Conference on Educational Media and Technology 2008 (Jun 30, 2008) pp. 980–987
Online dialogue holds promise to support high-level dialogue by allowing for more reflective reading and writing, but can be superficial just as in face-to-face conversations. This paper describes the design of a labelling feature intended to...
ABRACADABRA: Progress in the development, Implementation and effectiveness of a web-based literacy resource
World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2007 (Oct 15, 2007) pp. 6530–6536
ABRACADABRA, A Balanced Reading Approach for Canadians Designed to Achieve Best Results for All (http://grover.concordia.ca/ABRA/php2006/ abracadabra.html), is a reading intervention being developed by the Centre for the Study of Learning and...
World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2007 (Oct 15, 2007) pp. 7030–7038
An approach to assessing electronic portfolios is developed working with two teachers and other experts, and the inter-rater reliability is explored. The assessment has two parts. First the teacher assigns holistic marks and comments to up to six...
Journal of Technology and Teacher Education Vol. 14, No. 1 (January 2006) pp. 173–207
This study investigates personal and setting characteristics, teacher attitudes, and current computer technology practices among 764 elementary and secondary teachers from both private and public school sectors in Quebec. Using expectancy- value...
International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Vol. 5, No. 1 (March 2010) pp. 103–116
This paper explores a labelling feature designed to support higher-level online dialogue. It investigates whether students use labels less often during a structured online dialogue than during an unstructured one, and looks at students' reactions to ...
Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology / La revue canadienne de l’apprentissage et de la technologie Vol. 32, No. 1 (Feb 15, 2006)
The current investigation was an exploration of the first year of a multi-year project designed to provide every Grade 3 to Grade 11 student throughout an English school board in Quebec with a laptop computer. Data were collected from 403 elementary ...
World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2010 (Oct 18, 2010) pp. 438–448
The aim of this study is to develop valid researcher and instructor approaches to successfully assess online dialogue. Two content analysis approaches measuring critical thinking and interactivity were applied to representative online groups of 3-4...
Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2009 (Mar 02, 2009) pp. 1090–1096
This series of studies investigated the role that computer technology plays in transforming the learning process in higher education. We looked at the relationship between technology use, active learning, and perceived course effectiveness. The...
Technology and Student Achievement: What do 40 Years of Research and 25 Years of Systematic Reviews Have to Tell
World Conference on Educational Media and Technology 2010 (Jun 29, 2010) pp. 3142–3152
This research involved a systematic quantitative synthesis procedure to answer the question: does technology use affect student achievement in formal face-to-face classroom settings as compared to traditional settings. An extensive literature search ...
A Multi-Year Investigation of the Relationship between Pedagogy, Computer Use and Course Effectiveness in Postsecondary Education
Journal of Computing in Higher Education Vol. 23, No. 1 (April 2011) pp. 1–14
This study investigated the change in the relationship between pedagogy, computer-use and students' perceptions about course-effectiveness over time. Students from a Canadian university completed a questionnaire in two different years (2003 = 1,834...
World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2007 (Oct 15, 2007) pp. 1987–1992
As technology use in education increases, interest in and implementations of ubiquitous computing initiatives have also increased. One-to-one laptop initiatives have sprung up throughout North America at the school, district, and state or province...
World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2007 (Oct 15, 2007) pp. 2263–2268
At the Centre for the Study of Learning and Performance (CSLP) and with our partners from LEARN-Quebec, we have developed Electronic Portfolio Encouraging Active Reflective Learning Software (ePEARL) to promote student self-regulation and enhance...
World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2012 (Oct 09, 2012) pp. 1133–1142
An evidence-based, learner-centred digital portfolio based on the cyclical, socio-cognitive model of self-regulation was designed to accommodate teacher professional learning and development. The results of the pilot study indicate that ePEARL Level ...
World Conference on Educational Media and Technology 2005 (Jun 27, 2005) pp. 4155–4162
This article describes an Internet based early literacy project that simulates a media-element rich learning environment to enhance children's literacy skills. Currently in its first year, the software prototype has received positive feedbacks...
Bette Chambers; Philip Abrami; Bradley Tucker; Robert E. Slavin; Nancy A. Madden; Alan Cheung; Richard Gifford
Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness Vol. 1, No. 2 (2008) pp. 120–137
This article presents a randomized experiment evaluating a computer-assisted tutoring program. The software program, Alphie's Alley, provides reading tutors with assessment and planning tools and performance support. It provides students with...
The Effects of Synchronous and Asynchronous Distance Education: A Meta-Analytical Assessment of Simonson's "Equivalency Theory"
Annual Meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology 2004 (October 2005)
Simonson, Schlosser and Hanson (1999) argue that a new theory called "equivalency theory" is needed to account for the unique features of the "teleconferencing" (synchronous) model of DE that is prevalent in many North American universities. Based...
A Meta-Analysis of Blended Learning and Technology Use in Higher Education: From the General to the Applied
Journal of Computing in Higher Education Vol. 26, No. 1 (April 2014) pp. 87–122
This paper serves several purposes. First and foremost, it is devoted to developing a better understanding of the effectiveness of blended learning (BL) in higher education. This is achieved through a meta-analysis of a sub-collection of comparative ...
Larysa V Lysenko; Steven Rosenfield; Helena Dedic; Annie Savard; Einat Idan; Philip C. Abrami; Anne Wade; Nadia Naffi
Journal of Information Technology Education: Innovations in Practice Vol. 15, No. 1 (Dec 27, 2015) pp. 19–34
The pilot research presented here explores the classroom use of Emerging Literacy in Mathematics (ELM) software, a research-based bilingual interactive multimedia instructional tool, and its potential to develop emerging numeracy skills. At the time ...
Media and Pedagogy in Undergraduate Distance Education: A Theory-Based Meta-Analysis of Empirical Literature
Educational Technology Research and Development Vol. 54, No. 2 (April 2006) pp. 141–176
This meta-analysis employs a theoretical framework in quantitatively synthesizing empirical studies that investigate the effects of distance education (DE) versus classroom instruction on undergraduate student achievement. Analyses of 218 findings...
Interaction in Distance Education and Online Learning: Using Evidence and Theory to Improve Practice
Journal of Computing in Higher Education Vol. 23, No. 2 (December 2011) pp. 82–103
In a recent meta-analysis of distance and online learning, Bernard et al. (2009) quantitatively verified the importance of three types of interaction: among students, between the instructor and students, and between students and course content. In...
Technology's Effect on Achievement in Higher Education: A Stage I Meta-Analysis of Classroom Applications
Richard F. Schmid; Robert M. Bernard; Eugene Borokhovski; Rana Tamim; Philip C. Abrami; C Anne Wade; Michael A. Surkes; Gretchen Lowerison
Journal of Computing in Higher Education Vol. 21, No. 2 (August 2009) pp. 95–109
This paper reports the findings of a Stage I meta-analysis exploring the achievement effects of computer-based technology use in higher education classrooms (non-distance education). An extensive literature search revealed more than 6,000...
Education and Information Technologies Vol. 21, No. 4 (2016) pp. 945–964
The research explores the impact of interactive, multimedia literacy software (ABRA) on the reading skills of early elementary students in Kenya. Twelve grade two English teachers and their students from six schools were randomly divided in half: an ...
Educational Research and Evaluation Vol. 7, No. 2 (2001) pp. 223–39
Developed and performed a formative evaluation of a computer assisted tutoring program to help students experiencing problems learning to read. Initial findings with 12 tutors and 25 first and second graders provide support for developing a program...
Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology / La revue canadienne de l’apprentissage et de la technologie Vol. 31, No. 3 (Oct 15, 2005)
This lead article for the special issue of the Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology explores directions for research and development on electronic portfolios, which are digital containers capable of storing visual and auditory content;...