Search results for author:"Philip R. Ice"
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The relationship between technical support and pedagogical guidance provided to faculty and student satisfaction in online courses
(2006) pp. 1–113
This study examined the relationship between levels of technical support and pedagogical guidance provided to faculty and student satisfaction in online courses. Online learning is a rapidly evolving area of education, yet compared to traditional...
Student ratings of the importance of survey items, multiplicative factor analysis, and the validity of the community of inquiry survey
Internet and Higher Education Vol. 13, No. 1 (January 2010) pp. 22–30
This research builds upon prior validation studies of the Community of Inquiry (CoI) survey by utilizing multiple rating measures to validate the survey's tripartite structure (teaching presence, social presence, and cognitive presence). In prior...
Developing a community of inquiry instrument: Testing a measure of the Community of Inquiry framework using a multi-institutional sample
J.B. Arbaugh; Martha Cleveland-Innes; Sebastian R. Diaz; D. Randy Garrison; Philip Ice; Jennifer C. Richardson; Karen P. Swan
Internet and Higher Education Vol. 11, No. 3 (2008) pp. 133–136
This article reports on the multi-institutional development and validation of an instrument that attempts to operationalize Garrison, Anderson and Archer's Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework (2000). The results of the study suggest that the...