Search results for author:"Philip Ice"
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Student ratings of the importance of survey items, multiplicative factor analysis, and the validity of the community of inquiry survey
Internet and Higher Education Vol. 13, No. 1 (January 2010) pp. 22–30
This research builds upon prior validation studies of the Community of Inquiry (CoI) survey by utilizing multiple rating measures to validate the survey's tripartite structure (teaching presence, social presence, and cognitive presence). In prior...
The PAR Framework Proof of Concept: Initial Findings from a Multi-Institutional Analysis of Federated Postsecondary Data
Philip Ice; Sebastin Daz; Karen Swan; Melissa Burgess; Mike Sharkey; Jonathan Sherrill; Daniel Huston; Hae Okimoto
Online Learning Journal Vol. 16, No. 3 (Jun 18, 2012)
Despite high enrollment numbers, postsecondary completion rates have generally remained unchanged for the past 30 years and half of these students do not attain a degree within six years of initial enrollment. Although online learning has provided...
Karen Swan; Jennifer Richardson; Philip Ice; Peter Shea; Martha Cleveland-Innes; Sebastian Diaz; Randy Garrison
World Conference on Educational Media and Technology 2008 (Jun 30, 2008) pp. 5812–5820
The Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework developed by Garrison, Anderson and Archer (2000) provides a theoretical model of online learning processes that has been used by many scholars in the field of online education. However, research utilizing...