Search results for author:"Kirsten Berthold"
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Educational Psychology Review Vol. 22, No. 1 (March 2010) pp. 25–40
In instructional communication settings, instructional explanations play an important role. Despite the very common use of instructional explanations, empirical studies show that very often, they have no positive effects on learning outcomes. This...
Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences Vol. 42, No. 2 (March 2014) pp. 207–228
Although instructional explanations are commonly used to introduce learners to new learning content, previous studies have often shown that their effects on learning outcomes are minimal. This failure might partly be due to mental passivity of the...
Do learning protocols support learning strategies and outcomes? The role of cognitive and metacognitive prompts
Learning and Instruction Vol. 17, No. 5 (October 2007) pp. 564–577
Although writing learning protocols is an effective follow-up course work activity, many learners tend to do it in a rather suboptimal way. Hence, we analyzed the effects of instructional support in the form of prompts. The effects of different...
Assisting Self-Explanation Prompts Are More Effective than Open Prompts when Learning with Multiple Representations
Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences Vol. 37, No. 4 (July 2009) pp. 345–363
Learning with multiple representations is usually employed in order to foster understanding. However, it also imposes high demands on the learners and often does not lead to the expected results, especially because the learners do not integrate the...
Journal of Educational Media Vol. 29, No. 1 (March 2004) pp. 49–66
Learning diaries--as we employ them--are students' written reflections of their learning experiences and outcomes over the course of university seminars. The writing of such diaries is 'tutored' by a computer program: eHELp supports the writing of...
Effects of a Training Intervention to Foster Argumentation Skills While Processing Conflicting Scientific Positions
Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences Vol. 42, No. 6 (November 2014) pp. 929–947
Argumentation skills play a crucial role in science education and in preparing school students to act as informed citizens. While processing conflicting scientific positions regarding topics such as sustainable development in the domain of ecology,...
Effects of a training intervention to foster precursors of evaluativist epistemological understanding and intellectual values
Learning and Instruction Vol. 39, No. 1 (October 2015) pp. 11–22
Kuhn (2001) proposed two crucial prerequisites for the will to engage in argumentative thinking: Evaluativist epistemological understanding that provides the base for regarding argumentative thinking reasonable and intellectual values that reflect...